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Tuesday, July 28, 2020 | History

1 edition of Extension of the Principles of Radiation Protection to Sources of Potential Exposure (Safety Series) found in the catalog.

Extension of the Principles of Radiation Protection to Sources of Potential Exposure (Safety Series)

Extension of the Principles of Radiation Protection to Sources of Potential Exposure (Safety Series)

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  • 2 Currently reading

Published by International Atomic Energy Agency .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Nuclear power & engineering,
  • Nuclear power industries,
  • General,
  • Radiological Safety,
  • Technology & Industrial Arts,
  • Accidents, Occupational,
  • Nuclear Reactors,
  • Occupational Exposure,
  • Science/Mathematics

  • The Physical Object
    FormatPaperback
    Number of Pages30
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL12891807M
    ISBN 109201235909
    ISBN 109789201235909

    Radiation occurs when energy is emitted by a source, then travels through a medium, such as air, until it is absorbed by matter. Radiation can be described as being one of two basic types: non ionizing and ionizing. On this page. Non-ionizing radiation; Ionizing radiation.   Protection Principles: ALARA ‘ xg Radiation sources and installations should be provided with the best available protection and safety measures under the prevailing circumstances, so that the magnitudes and likelihood of exposures and the numbers of individuals exposed be As Low As Reasonably Achievable (ALARA), economic and social factors.

    Environmental Radioactivity from Natural, Industrial, and Military Sources is the comprehensive source of information on radiation in the environment and human exposure to radioactivity. This Fourth Edition isa complete revision and extension of the classic work, reflecting major new developments and concerns as the Cold War ended, nuclear. The higher the radiation dose, the greater the chance of developing cancer. The chance of developing cancer, not the seriousness of the cancer, increases as the radiation dose increases. Cancers caused by radiation do not appear until years after the radiation exposure. Some people are more likely to develop cancer from radiation exposure than.

    The breadth of the conceptual framework for radiation protection has grown constantly throughout the years, from the extremely simple guidance on protection against X-rays issued in the s up to the very comprehensive system of protection which now covers practically all existing sources of human exposure, artificial as well as natural. Effective measures employed by radiation workers to safeguard patients, personnel, and the general public from unnecessary exposure to ionizing radiation -Radiation Phobia -BERT -ALARA -Radiation Protection Radiation Protection The degree to which the diagnostic study accurately reveals the presence or absence of disease in a patient -Biologic effects -Diagnostic Efficacy -Radiation Protection.


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Extension of the Principles of Radiation Protection to Sources of Potential Exposure (Safety Series) Download PDF EPUB FB2

Description. The principles of radiation protection recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection for the normal operation of a radiation source constitute a dose limitation system that has three components: namely, the justification of a practice, the optimization of radiation protection and the limitation of individual doses.

Extension of the principles of radiation protection to sources of potential exposure. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency ; Lanham, MD: UNIPUB [distributor], (OCoLC) Material Type: Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: International Atomic Energy Agency.

ISBN: Extension Of The Principles Of Radiation Protection To Sources Of Potential Exposure Extension Of The Principles Of Radiation Protection To Sources Of Potential Exposure by International Atomic Energy Agency. Download in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format for read it.

Extension of the Principles of Radiation Protection to Sources of Potential Exposure IAEA Safety Series No. The principles of radiation protection recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection for the normal operation of a radiation source constitute a dose limitation system that has three components: namely, the.

BibTeX @INPROCEEDINGS{Costabile90iaeasafety, author = {M. Costabile and D. Fogli and C. Letondal and P. Mussio and A. Piccinno and Di Università Di Bari and Via Orabona}, title = {IAEA Safety Series nExtension of the Principles of Radiation Protection to Sources of Potential Exposure}, booktitle = {in: Proceedings of the HCI International }, year = {}, pages = {.

The principles of radiation protection and safety as summarized by the IAEA AR and based on ICRP () and INSAG 3 are. A practice which entails or that could entail exposure to radiation should only be adopted if it yields sufficient benefit to the exposed individuals or to society to out-weigh the radiation detriment it causes or could cause (justification principle).

The principles of radiation protection in medicine Although individual risk associated with radiation exposure from medical imaging is generally low and the benefit substantial, the large number of individuals being exposed has become a public health issue.

Justification and optimization are the two fundamental principles of. radiation effects and on established principles of radiation protection.

The United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) was set up by the United Nations in to compile, assess and disseminate information on: • Health effects of radiation. • Levels of radiation exposure due to various sources. The Shielding Principle is the 3 rd method to minimize employee exposure.

• Shielding means containing the source of radiation within a barrier that will block the radiation. • This material is usually lead.

• Shielding radiation sources is not always possible, therefore, the “Time and Distance Principles” are the best protection. The measurement of radiation exposure using the Sievert, the effective dose, follows the Stochastic school of thought in regard to the potential adverse effects of radiation.

Using the linear, no-threshold, model for radiation injury it has been estimated that 1 Sievert of radiation carries a % risk of developing a future cancer.

Principles of Radiation Protection90Nuclear Medicine Authorization: registration or licensingAuthorization: registration or licensing BSS “The legal person responsible for a source toBSS “The legal person responsible for a source to be used forbe used for medical exposuremedical exposure shall include in theshall include in.

The overall goal of radiation protection, regardless of the specifics of the situation that leads to exposure, is to prevent the occurrence of acute effects (e.g., cataracts, radiation burns, and acute radiation sickness) and to ensure that all reasonable steps are taken to reduce the potential long-term effects, such as cancer (ICRP, a.

All personnel who are working with sources of ionizing radiation are required to be instructed in the basic principles of radiation protection and the potential risks of ionizing radiation.

Radiation Safety Office personnel provide this generalized instruction as. Author(s): International Atomic Energy Agency. Title(s): Extension of the principles of radiation protection to sources of potential exposure. Country of Publication: Austria Publisher: Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency ; Lanham, MD: UNIPUB [distributor], Description: 30 p.

Principles of Radiation Protection. Any practice resulting in increased exposure to radiation should be carefully planned in accordance with the three basic radiological protection principles as set out by the Atomic Energy Licensing (Basic Safety Radiation Protection) Regulations These basic principles.

Radiation protection is based on the application of 3 principles, i.e., justification, optimisation and limitation, which have been established by the International Commission of Radiation Protection (ICRP) in the recommendation n°26 of These principles have been successfully applied in the national regulations to protect the.

•The amount of exposure an individual accumulates is directly proportional to the time of exposure. •The longer the time spent exposed to radiation the greater the potential for absorbing a dose of radiation. It is therefore important to minimize the time near radioactive sources.

•Never sit, chat, read or hold telephone conversations. radiation effects and on established principles of radiation protection. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) was set up by the United Nations in to compile, assess and disseminate information on: • Health effects of radiation.

• Levels of radiation exposure due to various sources. The ethical bases of Argentina's radiation safety approach are reviewed. The applied principles are those recommended and established internationally, namely: the principle of justification of decisions that alters the radiation exposure situation; the principle of optimization of protection and safety; the principle of individual protection for restricting possible inequitable outcomes of.

Introduction The principles of radiation safety are simple and easy to learn and remember. However,itisfundamentalthatthe 3 However, it is fundamental that the application of these principles be based on some knowledge or estimate of the radiological conditions.

The training material on this webpage is available for download. The purpose of the material is to train the trainers, who are hospital personnel e.g. medical physicists/radiation protection officers, medical and paramedical staff concerned in the corresponding specialty.

Approved training packages may be copied, distributed, displayed, incorporated in customized.The campus contains many potential sources of microwave/RF radiation exposure.

Some of these sources (primarily antennas) are designed to emit microwave/RF radiation into the environment. Other types of sources (co-axial cables, waveguides, transmission generators, heaters, and ovens) are designed to produce or safely contain the microwave/RF. The biological effects of radiation result mainly from damage to the DNA, which is the most critical target within the cell; however, there are also other sites in the cell that, when damaged, may lead to cell death.

(3) Direct and indirect radiation interactions. Direct: The radiation interacts directly with the critical target in the cell.